Book Review: The Journal of Urgent Writing, edited by Nicola Legat

Available now in bookshops nationwide.

cv_the_journal_of_urgent_writingThis book, or journal, is the first in a planned annual collection of long form essays from (mostly) academics and journalists, addressing “urgent” topics that they have been researching or thinking about recently. If continued as planned, these journals should give a snapshot about issues that were concerning us at that time – or that should have been concerning us more, in retrospect. In any case, this collection brings specialist writers to a more generalist audience. A fine idea that seems to be gaining in popularity, considering that Auckland University Press has also just published a collection of non-fiction stories and essays.

Some editorial decisions have probably been made about the order in which these essays are presented, but I could not pick up any logic in the placement. In some cases essays that touch on similar subjects are placed far apart, making me wonder whether they would have given the reader a different impression if read sequentially. I only wondered this after reading two essays that did seem to segue: historian Peter Meihana writes on how the concept of “Māori privilege” may be part of New Zealand’s national creation myth, used by colonial governments to both claim egalitarianism and to sanction Māori dispossession. This is followed by Krushil Watene’s piece on water, law and philosophical concepts of ownership. Watene argues that indigenous perspectives on humans’ connection to and responsibility to nature are among the philosophical forces that can lead us away from recent (environmentally disastrous) ideologies that privilege exploitation of natural sources for individual gain.

I suspect that, as with a magazine, these pieces should be picked up in whatever order the reader cares. No more energy for new arguments? Flick to the sole pictorial essay and marvel at diatoms! I just wasn’t feeling it when I turned to an essay about why children can’t read, so came back to it later only to realise that it wasn’t the subject that had left me cold, but the fact that the essay had none of the conversational qualities that made some of the others so engaging. Nothing wrong with a list of well-argued refutations of myths on this topic, and I’m sure the piece could have formed the basis of a good lecture, but there was no illustrative anecdote, no insertion of the authors’ voices into the narrative along the lines of “when we first looked at this issue we expected X, but here’s what happened…”.

Other readers may well differ, but the most successful essays for me were the ones that gave the feeling of a good sit-down chat with someone who knows way more than you on a particular topic and would just love to tell you about how they discovered it. The first piece – Dan Salmon on the problem of sustainable tuna fisheries and so much more – is a fantastic example of this. The next piece is a complete change of tune: an address to graduates about how to live a good life which, although containing plenty of warm and worthwhile advice, did not strike me as especially “urgent” or new. Paul McDonald’s address does, however, incorporate advice which could be a commissioning brief for this kind of collection: “Tell stories, too, especially those that exemplify our humanity. Constructive change is most likely to result from a combination of logical data and a compelling story”.

To that end, Jarrod Gilbert makes riveting use of statistics combined with shocking examples of how those stats are or are not addressed, in his essay on crime and justice. He writes like a guy who could talk your ear off about any number of maddening stories on these topics without getting at all boring.

Mike Joy is angry about the state of our rivers, and this is hardly news, but it is perhaps fitting that his subject and angle was the one I could most easily predict from looking at the author list. His essay charts his personal and professional journey to becoming “that scientist who campaigns about freshwater”, and the dramas along the way.

Teena Brown Pulu tells an intensely emotional family story to illustrate the irrelevance of rules that force people to nominate only one ethnicity to identify with. Paula Morris and David Slack also do lovely work weaving wider themes into their reflections about life stages and parents. Slack’s final essay ends the collection beautifully on a poignant and hopeful note.

Richard Shaw addresses arguments for why young people disengage from democracy and what should be done about it, in a topical and indeed urgent piece that is hard to read now without thinking ”ah, this was written right before THAT THING happened in the USA…”
Speaking of which, it’s only fair that a collection of urgent 2016 writing should allude to the political news in the USA. In the one essay that genuinely irritated me, Paul Thomas started off with what seemed like a “damn kids get off my lawn” invective against the “cult of self-esteem”, politically correct outrage and social media narcissism. He then annoyed me further by seguing into what may be a fair point, arguing that Trump’s rise to power is linked to his embodiment of extreme narcissism which is only now seen as normal. Frankly that’s an argument I was just not ready to read about, even if it contains a grain of truth. 2016, everyone.

To sum up, a quote from another highly topical essay reminds us what this compilation is aiming for. David Hall’s fair-minded discussion about the meaning of environmental politics buzzwords such as “green growth” concludes: “By taking seriously other ideas, even those we disagree with, we force ourselves to think better about our own.”

With that in mind, bring on the 2017 round of thought-provoking rants.

Reviewed by Rebecca Gray

The Journal of Urgent Writing
edited by Nicola Legat
Massey University Press
ISBN 9780994130068

Book Review: Patched: The History of Gangs in New Zealand, by Jarrod Gilbert

This book is available in bookstores now, and is a finalist in the General Non-fiction category of the New Zealand Post Book Awards.

“I have frequently been asked if I am worried that this book cv_patchedmay upset people—primarily gang members,” writes Jarrod Gilbert in the Preface to his book Patched: The History of Gangs in New Zealand. “While obviously I hope it does not, I am unconcerned by offending gang members, members of the police, or politicians. What I am concerned with is the truth.” It is this uncompromising commitment to the truth which makes Patched such an excellent book.

In Patched, Gilbert unfolds the history of gangs in New Zealand, starting from the 1950s with its incipient gangs of ‘milk bar cowboys’ influenced by Hunter S. Thompson and rock ‘n’ roll, and unfurling his history out to today’s urban streets, with LA-style street gangbangers wearing bling. Gilbert hangs his history on four ‘pivot points’—developments or events that, in one way or another, caused the gang landscape to seismically shift into a new configuration, and the demarcation of these pivot points helps the reader keep track of Gilbert’s complex subject.  Gilbert is also careful to place each development in gang history within its specific historical, social and economic context—to the point that it’s possible to read Patched not merely as a history of New Zealand gangs, but rather as a history of New Zealand, as seen through the prism of gangs.

A sociologist by trade, Gilbert chose to study New Zealand gangs for his PhD thesis, and it is on this thesis that Patched is based. But Patched is by no means a dry academic treatise. In fact, despite all the statistics, official statements, interviews, and footnotes (all of which stand testament to the immense amount of work Gilbert clearly had to do), Patched remains a lean, mean read, that whisks you along this gang history in a completely unputdownable way.

But what really impresses, over and above the depth of Gilbert’s research and his obvious ability to write, is, as I said before, Gilbert’s steadfast search for the truth. Gilbert obviously went into researching this topic with his BS detector on high alert, since there isn’t a single statement made by gang members, police or (especially) politicians that Gilbert hasn’t turned over, scrutinised and gnawed, like a dog with a bone, until it has proven itself to be true. That attitude gives Patched a sense of hard-won rigour that is striking.

It is easy to conceive of police and politicians decrying Patched as being biased towards gangs (especially since Gilbert spent eight years doing ethnographic research with various gangs, immersing himself in the gang scene). But to Gilbert’s credit, it doesn’t seem like Gilbert wants to shut out views that clash with his own. Instead it seems clear that Patched is intended to ignite debate, not firebomb dissenters. And, equally clearly, that debate is needed, now. If nothing else, Patched shows the urgency with which social problems that lead to gang formation, like entrenched unemployment and poverty, must be addressed. Patched is excellent for its readability and its hard-nosed search for the truth, but it becomes outstanding because Gilbert’s findings are necessary. For these reasons, Patched may well become a landmark work of New Zealand non-fiction.

Reviewed by Feby Idrus

Patched: The History of Gangs in New Zealand
By Jarrod Gilbert
Auckland University Press
ISBN 9781869407292

The Read edigest: Monday 12 August 2013

This is a digest of our Twitter feed that we email out most Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays. Sign up here for free if you’d like it emailed to you.

Book reviews
In The Mannequin Makers, Craig Cliff  “has crafted a brilliantly structured and evocative story.”
Book Review: The Curiosity, by Stephen Kiernan

David Hill reviews Duncan Sarkies’ new book on Nine to Noon – The Demolition of the Century

New Release Books
New Release: Surviving Centrepoint, by Ella James

New Release: Te Ara: Maori Pathways of Leadership

Bring the littlies to Mt Roskill Library on Friday 16 August for National Poetry Day w/A Little Ink

#nzpba events: Jarrod Gilbert is talking tomorrow at Canterbury Uni, Rob Brown talks huts at Scorpio Books

#nzpba events:  The @womensbookshop celebrates poetry tomorrow with Ian Wedde & Anne Kennedy

Book News
This has been on the Nielsen list for weeks: read an extract from The Fault in Our Stars by John Green
Faction Comics has their second anthology of work by NZ’s best comic artists due in August

Author interview: Award-winning author Craig Cliff on his uneasy relationship with historical fiction

Awards News
Our reviews of #nzpba New Zealand Post Awards finalist books

#nzpcba Picture book winner Gavin Bishop tells the NZ Herald about his happy place

Check out what our #nzpba finalists are talking about in the lead-up to the awards by subscribing to our list

From around the internet
This infographic shows how often different cities appear in books

Why Jonathon Franzen gets your goat…

Damien Wilkins feels the love for X Factor

Book-inspired icecream flavours… any suggestions for kiwi book flavours?

Attention sci-fi fans! @goodreads has a handy list of Julius Vogel nominees& winners – go and take a look

Check out this quirky and informative video on the history of typography!

Meet the press: shrewd tips for book publicity