Book review: Unpacking the Kists: The Scots in New Zealand, by Brad Patterson, Tom Brooking and Jim McAloon

Available now in selected bookstores.

Scottish influences in New Zealand are many and varied. cv_unpacking_the_kistsSome historians have suggested that the influence of the Scots on New Zealand is greater than that in any other country (excluding, I suppose, Scotland).

This substantial volume is a major contribution to international scholarship on migrations and cultural adaptation. It demonstrates the contributions that the Scots made to the formation of a New Zealand culture by retaining their connections while adapting to and interacting with other ethnic groups. It is published in NZ and Australia by Otago University Press, and elsewhere as part of the series of McGill-Queens Studies in Ethnic History.

Retain their connections they did! My parents arrived in New Zealand 30 years after the period this book deals with, yet still were receiving the local newspapers that they had read ‘at home’ more than 25 years later, stopping only when their parents were no longer able to send them on.

Covering the period (roughly) 1850–1920, the book traces the dimensions of Scots migration to New Zealand, the sort of people who immigrated, where they came from and went to. Much of the discussion is based on extended case studies of better-documented migrants. It traces their influence on areas such as the economy, the environment, religion, politics, and education. Good use of made of family history records, and the records of local Scottish societies, as well as more usual primary sources.landing_immigrants

As well as the public influence of immigrants, the authors look into the more private worlds of Scottish families, everyday life, leisure pursuits, different types of Scottish groups, and the way in which the immigrants’ traditional cultural activities were maintained, and modified by interaction with other groups.

The authors are historians at Victoria and Otago universities. Others make contributions in specific areas. One of the most interesting aspects of the book is to show the way in which academic historians can collaborate with local historians, genealogists, and community groups.

As befits a work of scholarship, there are lots of notes and a large bibliography. There are tables, diagrams and maps, but no plates.

Until recently scholarly discussion of the Scottish diaspora was restricted to academic journals, with the odd chapter in more general history or geography books. This book joins Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand 1850–1930 (Tanja Bueltmann; Edinburgh University Press, 2011) as more significant contributions. Of course there is some overlap with the earlier book indeed Tanja Bueltmann is a contributor to this volume. Unpacking The Kists is the larger volume, with much wider coverage, and it draws more general conclusions.

Not a book of stories, rather a serious work of historical research, this book will find a ready readership in its target market.

Unpacking the Kists: The Scots in New Zealand
by Brad Patterson, Tom Brooking and Jim McAloon
Published by Otago University Press
ISBN 9781877578670